Atlantis Theories

Among the inscrutable stories everyone knows since puerility, the myth of Atlantis is plausibly one of the virtually electrifying and cryptic ones. The approximation of a vast celibate fabrication submerged, erstwhile inhabited by a purportedly clever culture is challenging on its own, and the legion hints and clues that Atlantis was a tangible office piddle archaeologists, historians, and adventurers crossways the earth assay for its cadaver with enviable ebullience. Calm, the myth of Atlantis is controversial and debated, and thither are legion theories regarding where it was set, which mass inhabited it, and why this culture disappeared.

Get-go mentioned by Plato, Atlantis remained a issue of legion search studies passim centuries. Naturally, a routine of these inquiry studies do not arise to critique. E.g., Swedish learner Olaf Rudbeck in 1680 claimed Atlantis was a portion of antediluvian Sweden; furthermore, he suggested that the great of Atlantis was Uppsala, his hometown. Fivesome eld afterward, another student, Georg Kasper Kirchmaier, offered a straightaway opponent possibility, proving that Atlantis was situated in S Africa.

In the Eighteenth 100, thither was a pop conjecture by Jean-Sylvain Bailly almost Atlantis existence situated inside the Frigid roofy, someplace approximate the Spitsbergen archipelago; simultaneously, Delisle de Sales claimed he could demonstrate that Atlantis was in Exchange Asia.

During the Twentieth hundred, scientists and pseudo-scientists calm held sake therein matter; particularly, a German anthropologist, Leo Frobenius, likewise to Kirchmaier, declared that Atlantis so was placed in Africa, but dissimilar the latter, Frobenius believed that it existed in Sudan. Various decades posterior, in 1952, Willy Ley, a projectile innovator, and L. Sprague de Clique, a science-fiction generator, put Atlantis in Spain (the townsfolk of Cadiz), and by the end of the ten, Dr. Angelos Galanopoulos, a Greek seismologist, introduced grounds that Atlantis was situated on the island of Thera in the Aegean Sea.

Astonishingly, this hypothesis seems to get been nigher to the trueness than any former at the clip; Thera is a recessed island, and when finally of Sixties an English oceanographer, James W. Mavor, researched the region specified by Galanopoulos, he establish grounds proving this hypothesis to be leastwise partly set ( As we can see, nevertheless, theories regarding Atlantis are much self-contradictory; likewise, no engineer manifest such as the examples of authorship, clayware, humanities, armour, etcetera let been establish.

Earlier the Nineteenth hundred, Atlantis was more of a myth quixotic seekers of accuracy tested to show; yet, in 1882, Ignatius Donnelly promulgated a playscript coroneted “Atlantis, the Antediluvial World”; therein ms, he proven that Atlantis was not a bare caption crafted by Plato, but could be a diachronic world. Donnelly believed thither moldiness let been an improbably modern antediluvian civilisation that invented metallurgy, husbandry, uranology, etc., and from which over-the-counter, less advanced (according to Donnelly) civilizations moldiness suffer had transmitted cognition and technologies. He too believed that Atlantis was situated rectify where Plato described: dear the Pillars of Hercules by the Head of Gibraltar; the Atlantic ocean’s “shifting waters,” as he called it, sank the celibate on which Atlantis was situated.

Continental tectonics shows that Donnelly’s possibility is faulty, but it happened to be passing recollective, so evening present many masses believed Atlantis to sustain existed (if at all) rightfulness where Plato aforesaid it did. This possibility too elysian early mass to commencement looking Atlantis, spawning oodles of newer speculations. One of them belongs to Charles Berlitz, an writer who largely wrote almost diverse extrasensory phenomena.

Berlitz claimed that Atlantis sank in the notorious Bermuda Trigon ( This possibility combines passing fountainhead with the speculations of mystics researching the Trigon; multitude trust that since Atlantis mustiness get been a technologically-advanced civilisation, so (if it sank in the Bermuda trilateral) it explains why so many ships disappeared therein area: antediluvian engineering mustiness be influencing navigational systems, sailors’ minds, and more. Manifestly, none of these theories stands capable critique, but they silence persist democratic.

A more naturalistic account of the egress of the icon of Atlantis is offered by a prof of classics at Barde College in Annandale, James Romm. He believes that Atlantis was a metaphor introduced by Plato to exemplify his philosophic concepts. According to the best website to type essays for you caption, Atlantis was a favorable nation, which gradually barbarous to putrefaction and rapaciousness, for which gods punished its masses.

Romm says that Plato “was dealings with a figure of issues, themes that run passim his exercise. His ideas around immortal versus homo nature, apotheosis societies, the gradual putrescence of hum society—these ideas are all plant in many of his deeds. Atlantis was a unlike fomite to nark about of his dearie themes.” In early speech, the myth astir Atlantis could be an example of Plato’s ideas astir a utopian land. Charles Orser, conservator of story at the New York Land Museum in Albany, supports this standpoint. “The gods,” he says, “became tempestuous because the mass had befuddled their way and off to base pursuits,” and therefore distinct to demolish a once-prosperous guild, sinking it into the sea. If analyzed from this position, Plato’s account almost Atlantis starts qualification sentience, because it straightaway corresponds with his philosophic ideals.

Too, thither is more validation that Atlantis mustiness birth been a metaphor quite than a historical world.

Robert Ballard, an adventurer who observed Titanic’s wreckage, says that fifty-fifty though the level of Atlantis looks ordered, thither is not plenty certify to province it is genuine. So, thither were legion cataclysms occurring end-to-end humankind’s account, causation cities and eve nations to vanish (retrieve the bang of Vesuvius eradicating the metropolis of Pompeii, e.g.); 3600 eld ago, a knock-down eruption ruined the island of Santorini in the Aegean Sea, on with the Minoan refinement inhabiting it. Withal, evening though this is the nearest historic analogue to Atlantis, Ballard says Minoans could not be Atlantis, because the sentence of Santorini’s demolition does not equal with the one Plato mentioned in his stories around Atlantis (Home Geographical).

Yet, it is stillness not unclutter whether Atlantis existed or not. Romantics consider it did, chronic to fabricate new theories, clinging to a few treacherous theories introduced in the preceding; advanced skill, however—oceanography, in particular—proves them incorrect. The well-nigh believable account of Atlantis is that it moldiness suffer been Plato’s metaphor illustrating his philosophic concepts; advocating a utopian order, Plato described a golden culture which fly the dupe of its own voraciousness, iniquity, and depravation; therein attentiveness, the caption of Atlantis makes consummate signified.

Workings Cited

“Explaining the Fable of Atlantis.” Internal Geographical. N.p., 24 May 2017. Web.

12 June 2017.

“Atlantis Theories.” OMNI Media. N.p., 19 May 2016. Web.

12 June 2017.

Pruitt, Sarah. “Top 6 Theories Almost Atlantis.” A&E Tv Networks, 16 Oct. 2015. Web.

12 June 2017.

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